A short history of nursing to celebrate International Nurses Day

14 May 2015 7:41 AM
A short history of nursing to celebrate International Nurses Day

International Nurses day and Nurses Week celebrates nurses around the world. Know the history of the nursing profession here. Learn more.

Here is a brief history of Nursing with a focus on Australia.

1810- The opening of Sydney Hospital. Convict men and women undertook the nursing                      1838 - The first trained nurses arrived in Sydney. They were five Irish 'Sisters of Charity' (Crisp & Taylor 2009)                                                                                                                                                   1848 - The Yarra Bend Asylum in Melbourne was opened so that the mentally ill could be moved out of gaol.                                                                                                                                                     1854 – Florence Nightingale and 38 volunteer nurses are sent to Turkey on 21 October to assist the injured of the Crimean War 1857 – Ellen Ranyard creates the first group of paid social workers in England and pioneers the first district nursing programme in London                                                 1860 - The Nightingale training school for nurses in England at the St Thomas' hospital, London was established.                                                                                                                                           1868 - Lucy Osburn and her four Nightingale nurses arrived at Sydney Infirmary (to become Sydney Hospital). They soon start the first nursing school                                                                               1885 Home nursing began in Australia when the Melbourne District Nursing Service was formed           1899 - Australasian Trained Nurses Association was founded in NSW                                                 1928 - Royal Flying Doctor Service established                                                                            1939-1945 - Australian and New Zealand nurses served outside their countries in World War II.        1942 – Banka Island massacre: Twenty one Australian nurses, survivors of a bombed and sunken ship, are executed by bayonet or machine gun by Imperial Japanese Army soldiers on 16 February.          1952 – The introduction of sedatives transforms mental health nursing                                              1955 The Hoyer Lift , which is the basic design for the sling lift; was patented in 1955 by R.R. Stratton, and titled "Floor Crane with Adjustable Legs.                                                                                       1975 - First nursing diploma program in Australia in a College of Advanced Education (CAE) in Melbourne, followed quickly by programs in New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia.[24]                                                                                                                                        1980 – The Roper, Logan and Tierney model of nursing, based upon the activities of daily living, is published.                                                                                                                                            1983 – The importance of human rights in nursing is made explicit in a statement adopted by the International Council of Nurses.                                                                                                           1998 Australian Nursing Federation’s No lift Policy was adopted by Worksafe Australia Victorian branch 2010 - A national registration for all nurses and midwives came into force in Australia in July 2010. (Daly, Speedy & Jackson, 2010) (Source Wikipeadia)